Publications related to Joint OSSE


Andersson, Erik and Michiko Masutani 2010:  Collaboration on Observing System Simulation Experiments (Joint OSSE), ECMWF News Letter No. 123, Spring 2010, 14-16.

Errico, Ronald  et al 2006: The use of an OSSE to estimate characteristics of analysis error.  Presentation at EMC seminar

Errico, R.M., R. Yang, M. Masutani, M., and J. Woollen, 2007: Estimation of some characteristics of analysis error inferred from an observation system simulation experiment. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 16, 695-708.

Errico RM, Yang R, PrivĞe NC, Tai K-S, Todling R, Sienkiewicz ME, Guo J. 2012. Development and validation of observing-system simulation experiments  at NASAĠs Global Modeling and Assimilation Office. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. DOI:10.1002/qj.2027

Garand, L., et al., 2011: Validation of forecast cloud parameters from multispectral AIRS radiances. Atmosphere Ocean, 49, 121-137, doi:10.1080/07055900.2011.567379.

Garand, L., et al., 2013: Assimilation of circumpolar wind vectors derived from hihly elliptical orbit imagery: Impact assessment based on observing system simulation experiments. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol, 52, 1891-1908.

Jones, Andrew  S. 2008:What is Data Assimilation? A Tutorial, Presentation at AMS data assimilation forum.  AMS annual meeting, New Orleans, LA, January 20-24,2008 [Updated version is available at]

Lahoz, William, Khattatov, Boris, Menard, Richard (Eds.)  2010: Data Assimilation, Making Sense of Observation..  Springer, 732 p., Hardcover ISBN: 978-3-540-74702-4

Lord, S.J., E. Kalnay, R. Daley, G.D. Emmitt, R. Atlas, 1997: Using OSSEs in the design of future generation integrated observing systems.  Preprints, 1st Symposium on Integrated Observing Systems, Long Beach, CA, AMS, 45-47.


Ma, Z., Riishojgaard, L.P., M. Masutani, J. S.Woollen,  and G. D. Emmitt, 2013: Impact of Different Satellite Wind Lidar Telescope Configurations on NCEP GFS Forecast Skill in Observing System Simulation Experiments, NCEP Office Note 475. available online at:

Masutani, M., E. Andersson,  J. Terry, O. Reale,  J. C. Jusem, L. P. Riishojgaard, T. Schlatter,  A. Stoffelen,  J. S. Woollen,   S. Lord,   Z. Toth,  Y. Song,   D. Kleist,  Y. Xie, N. Prive, L. Liu, H. Sun, G. D. Emmit,  S. Greco, S. A. Wood,  G.-J. Marseille, R. Errico,  R. Yang, G. McConaughy,  D. Devenyi,  S. Weygandt, A. Tompkins, T. Jung, V. Anantharaj, C. Hill, P. Fitzpatrick,  F. Weng, T. Zhu, S. Boukabara 2007: Progress in Joint OSSEs, A new nature run and international collaboration, AMS preprint volume for 18th conference on Numerical Weather Prediction, Parkcity, UT Amer. Meteor. Soc. 12B.5,.

Masutani, M. and co authors, 2008: Progress in Joint OSSEs,  New nature runs and international collaboration, Extended abstract, 24th International Laser Rader Conference, Boulder, CO,  S07P-08.

Masutani, M. and co authors 2008: Progress in Joint OSSEs, Three Joint OSSE nature runs and simulation of observation, Extended Abstract,  12th Conference on IOAS-AOLS, New Orleans, LA,  Amer. Meteor. Soc., 15a.2 [Available online at:]

Masutani, M., L.-P. Riishojgaard, R. Errico, E. Andersson, J. S. Woollen, A. Stoffelen, G.-J. Marseille, O. Reale, Y. Xie, N. Prive, T. Zhu, F. Weng, G. D. Emmitt, T. W. Schlatter, S. J. Lord, S. Greco, S. A. Wood, R. Yang, H. Sun, T. J. Kleespies, and Y. Song 2009: International collaborative Joint OSSEs,Toward reliable and timely assessment of future observing systems, Extended Abstract, The Anthony J. Hollingsworth Symposium, Phoenix, AZ, Amer. Meteor. Soc., P1.2 [Available online at ]

Masutani, M. and co authors 2009:  Expanding collaboration in Joint OSSEs, Extended Abstract, 13th Conference on Integrated Observing and Assimilation Systems for the Atmosphere, Oceans, and Land Surface, Phoenix, AZ, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 13.2 [Available online at]

Masutani, M.  J.S. Woollen, E. Andersson, L.-P. Riishżjgaard, S.J. Lord 2009:
Full OSSEs at NCEP and International Joint OSSE effort, Proceeding, Workshop on diagnostics of data assimilation system performance, ECMWF, [Available online at]

Masutani, M., T. W. Schlatter, R. M. Errico, A. Stoffelen, E. Andersson, W. Lahoz, J. S.. Woollen, G. D.Emmitt,L.-P. Riishżjgaard, S. J. Lord, 2010a: Observing System Simulation Experiments. Data Assimilation: Making sense of observations, Lahoz, W., B. Khattatov, R. Menard, Eds., Springer, 647-679.

The final draft of the chapter which describe OSSE  is posted at

Masutani, M., J. S. Woollen, S. J. Lord, G. D. Emmitt,  T. J. Kleespies, S. A. Wood, S. Greco, H. Sun, J. Terry, V. Kapoor, R. Treadon, K. A. Campana (2010), Observing system simulation experiments at the National Centers for Environmental Prediction, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D07101, doi:10.1029/2009JD012528.

Masutani, M. and co authrs 2011 : Simulation of observation and calibrations for Joint OSSEs, Extended abstract, 15th Symposium on Integrated Observing and Assimilation Systems for the Atmosphere, Oceans, and Land Surface (IOAS-AOLS), Seattle, WA, Amer. Meteor. Soc. P199.

[Available online at ]

Masutani, M. , L.-P. Riishojgaard, J. S.Woollen, S. P. Casey, 2012: Observing System Simulation Experiments at Joint Center for Satellite Data Assimilation, Proc. SPIE 8529, Remote Sensing and Modeling of the Atmosphere, Oceans, and Interactions IV, 85290B (November 8, 2012), Kyoto, Japan; doi:10.1117/12.

Masutani, M., Louis Garand, William Lahoz, Lars Peter Riishżjgaard, Erik Andersson, Yves Rochon, Mikhail Tsyrulnikov, John McConnell, Lidia Cucurull, Yuanfu Xie, Shoken Ishii, Robert Grumbine, Gilbert Brunet, John S. Woollen, Yoshiaki Sato, 2013: Observing System Simulation Experiments: Justifying new Arctic Observation Capabilities, NCEP Office Note 473.

            available at 

McCarty W, Errico RM, Gelaro R. 2012. Cloud coverage in the joint OSSE nature run. Mon. Weather Rev. 140: 1863–1871.

PrivŽ , Nikki C., Yuanfu Xie, John S. Woollen, Steven E. Koch, Robert Atlas and  Robbie E. Hood,  2013: Evaluation of the Earth Systems Research LaboratoryĠs global Observing System Simulation Experiment system, Tellus A 2013, 65, 19011,


Prive, N., Y. Xie, T. W. Schlatter, M. Masutani, R. Atlas, Y. Song, J. Woollen, and S. Koch 2009: Observing System Simulation Experiments for Unmanned Aircraft Systems: preliminary efforts, Extended Abstract, 13th Conference on Integrated Observing and Assimilation Systems for Atmosphere, Oceans, and Land Surface (IOAS-AOLS), Amer. Meteor. Soc, 13.3. [Available on line at]

Prive, N.,  Y. Xie, S. Mackaro, S. Koch, 2009:Observing System Simulation Experiments: Preliminary Report on the Impact of Unmanned Aircraft System Observations on Atlantic Hurricane Forecasts, NOAA/ESRL UAS OSSE report to NOAA UAS programme.

Prive, N., R. M. Errico , Tai K-S. 2012. Validation of the forecast skill of the Global Modeling andAssimilation Office Observing System Simulation Experiment. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. DOI:10.1002/qj.2029

Prive, N., Y. F. Xie, J. Woollen, S. Koch, R. Atlas, and R. Hood, 2013: Evaluation of the Earth  System Research Laboratory (ESRL) Global Observing System Simulation Experiment (OSSE) System. Tellus A, 65.

Reale O., J. Terry, M. Masutani, E. Andersson, L. P. Riishojgaard, J. C. Jusem (2007), Preliminary evaluation of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts' (ECMWF) Nature Run over the tropical Atlantic and African monsoon region, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L22810, doi:10.1029/2007GL031640.


Riishojgaard, L.P., Z. Ma, M. Masutani, J. S.Woollen, G. D. Emmitt, S. A. Wood, and S. Greco, 2012: Observation System Simulation Experiments for a Global Wind Observing Sounder. Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L17805, doi:10.1029/2012GL051814.

Rochon, Y., et al., 2012: Observation system simulation experiments for the PREMIER mission. Proceedings of the 5th WMO Workshop on the impact of various observing systems on NWP, Sedona, AZ. Available at


Wood, S., G. Emmitt and S. Greco, 2000: DLSM: A coherent and direct detection lidar simulation model for simulating space-based and aircraft-based lidar winds.  Proceedings SPIEĠs 14th Annual International Symposium Aerospace Defense Sensing, Simulation and Controls, Orlando, FL.

Zhang, L. and Z. Pu, 2010: An Observing System Simulation Experiment (OSSE) to assess the impact of Doppler wind lidar (DWL) measurements on the numerical simulation of a tropical cyclone, Advances in Meteorology, Vol. 2010, Article ID 743863, 14pp, doi:10.1155/2010/743863

Zhu, T., F. Weng, M. Masutani, and J. S. Woollen, 2012: Synthetic radiance simulation and evaluation for a Joint Observing System Simulation Experiment, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D23111, doi:10.1029/2012JD017697