On the NCEP Stage II/Stage IV Processing:

Lin, Y. and K. E. Mitchell, 2005: The NCEP Stage II/IV hourly precipitation analyses: development and applications. Preprints, 19th Conf. on Hydrology, American Meteorological Society, San Diego, CA, 9-13 January 2005, Paper 1.2.

Baldwin, M.E., and K.E. Mitchell, 1998: Progress on the NCEP hourly multi-sensor U.S. precipitation analysis for operations and GCIP research. Preprints, 2nd Symposium on Integrated Observing Systems, 78th AMS Annual Meeting, 10-11.

Other related references:

Crosson, W.L., C.E. Duchon, R. Raghavan, S.J. Goodman, 1996: Assesment of rainfall estimates using a standard Z-R relationship and the probability matching method applied to composite radar data in central Florida. J. Appl. Meteor., 35, 1203-1219.

Crum, T.D, R.L. Alberty, and D.W. Burgess, 1993: Recording, Archiving, and Using WSR-88D Data. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc.,74, 645-653.

Crum, T.D, and R.L. Alberty, 1993: The WSR-88D and the WSR-88D Operational Support Facility. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc.,74, 1669-1687.

Klazura, G.E., and D.A. Imy, 1993: A description of the initial set of analysis products available from the NEXRAD WSR-88D System. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc.,74, 1293-1311.

Fulton, R.A., J.P. Breidenbach, D.J. Seo, D.A. Miller, and T. O'Bannon, 1998: The WSR-88D rainfall algorithm. Wea. and Fore.,13, 377-395.

Seo, D.J., 1998: Real-time estimation of rainfall fields using rain gauge data under fractional coverage conditions. J. of Hydrol., 208, 25-36.

Seo, D.J., 1998: Real-time estimation of rainfall fields using radar rainfall and rain gauge data. J. of Hydrol., 208, 37-52.

Seo, D.J., J.P. Breidenbach, and E.R. Johnson, 1999: Real-time estimation of mean field bias in radar rainfall data. J. of Hydrol., 209, 131-147.

Smith, J.A., and W.F. Krajewski, 1991: Estimation of mean field bias of radar rainfall estimates. J. Appl. Meteor., 30, 397-412.

Vicente, G.A., R.A. Scofield, and W.P. Menzel, 1998: The Operational GOES Infrared Rainfall Estimation Technique. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc.,79, 1883-1898. a large collection of on-line papers on precipitation analysis issues by the hydrology laboratory.

NCEP/EMC Hourly Precipitation Analysis Page

NCEP/EMC Mesoscale Modeling Branch