The GFS Atmospheric Model
(status as of August 28, 2003)

Model Documentation: Comprehensive documentation of the 1988 version of the model was provided by the NMC (now NCEP) Development Division (1988), with subsequent model development summarized by Kanamitsu(1989), Kanamitsu et al. (1991), Kalnay et al. (1990).

The documentation NCEP MRF/RSM physics status as of August 1999 is located here . This document containing radiation, surface layer, vertical diffusion, gravity wave drag, convective precipitation, shallow convection, non-convective precipitation and references updates the old 1988 documentation. In addition Office Note # 424, New Global Orography Data Sets contains documentaiton of the higher resolution orography for the MRF. The documentation of the GFS atmospheric model as of 2003 is in NCEP Office Note # 442 .


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Kanamitsu, M., J.C. Alpert, K.A. Campana, P.M. Caplan, D.G. Deaven, M. Iredell, B. Katz, H.-L. Pan, J. Sela, and G.H. White, 1991: Recent changes implemented into the global forecast system at NMC. Wea. and Forecasting, 6, 425-435.

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