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Soil/Surface Parameters
Snow cover (water equivalent)
Sea Surface Temperature
Sea Ice Coverage
0-10cm soil moisture
10-40cm soil moisture
40-100cm soil moisture
100-200cm soil moisture
0-10cm frozen soil moisture
10-40cm frozen soil moisture
40-100cm frozen soil moisture
100-200cm frozen soil moisture
0-10cm soil temperature
10-40cm soil temperature
40-100cm soil temperature
100-200cm soil temperature
0-200cm soil moisture
0-100cm moisture availability
Midday Albedo
Storm surface runoff
Baseflow-groundwater runoff
Surface roughness length
Surface terrain height
Greenness fraction

SLP, 1000-500 mb Thickness
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

Total Precipitation (in)
0-84h

3-H Accumulated Precipitation (in), SLP
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

24-H Accumulated Precipitation (in)
00-24h 12-36h
24-48h 36-60h
48-72h 60-84h

3-H Accumulated Convective Precipitation (in)
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

3-H Accumulated Snowfall (in)
CONUS Loop

Total Convective Precipitation (in)
0-84h

Precipitation Type
CONUS Loop

Visibility (km)
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

Visibility, Convective Precip Rate,
Lowest Model level rain, snow, cloud water, cloud ice
N.America Loop

Percent of Frozen Precip vs Precipitation Type
00h 03h 06h
09h 12h 15h
18h 21h 24h
27h 30h 33h
36h 39h 42h
45h 48h 51h
54h 57h 60h
63h 66h 69h
72h 75h 78h
81h 84h
CONUS
Loop

Percent of Frozen Precip vs Instantaneous Precip Rate (mm/h)
00h 03h 06h 09h
12h 15h 18h 21h
24h 27h 30h 33h
36h 39h 42h 45h
48h 51h 54h 57h
60h 63h 66h 69h
72h 75h 78h 81h
84h

Instantaneous Precip Rate (mm/h)
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

Instantaneous Convective Precip Rate (mm/h)
CONUS Loop N.America

Total Precipitation and Convective Precip Rate (mm/h)
CONUS Loop N.America

Percent of Frozen Precip vs Lowest Model Level Rime Factor vs Precipitation Type
00h 03h 06h 09h
12h 15h 18h 21h
24h 27h 30h 33h
36h 39h 42h 45h
48h 51h 54h 57h
60h 63h 66h 69h
72h 75h 78h 81h
84h
CONUS
Loop
N.America
Loop

Total Column-integrated cloud water+rain (mm)
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

Total Column-integrated cloud ice+snow (mm)
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

Total Column-integrated condensate (mm)
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

Total Column-integrated supercooled water and melting ice (mm)
CONUS Supercooled water N.America Supercooled water

Average column heating rates
Shortwave heating rate (deg C/hr)
Longwave heating rate (deg C/hr)
Grid-scale heating rate (deg C/hr)
Convective heating rate (deg C/hr)

Total Column-integrated moisture divergence
NAMX CONUS loop

Base and Top height of supercooled liquid water layer
CONUS Base height CONUS Top height

700 mb - 950 mb Rime Factor, snow mixing ratio,
rain mixing ratio, and cloud water mixing ratio
N.America Loop

50 mb - 600 mb Rime Factor, snow mixing ratio,
cloud ice mixing ratio, and cloud water mixing ratio
N.America Loop

850mb Height and Temperature
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

850mb Wind (kt)
CONUS Loop

700mb Temperature
N.America Loop

700mb Height and Total Column PW
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

700mb RH, Vertical Velocity
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

500mb Height and Vorticity
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

300mb Height and Wind Speed
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

250mb Height and Wind Speed
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

250mb Wind
CONUS Loop

250mb Temperature
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

300mb Temperature
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

50mb Temperature
N.America Loop

Dynamic Tropopause : Pressure and Potential Temperature on PV=1.5 level
Pressure Theta
NAM X X

Total Cloud Fraction - North America
Loop

Convective Cloud Fraction - North America
Loop

High Cloud Fraction - North America
Loop

Middle Cloud Fraction - North America
Loop

Low Cloud Fraction - North America
Loop

Cloud Top Temperature
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

Cloud Top Height
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

Cloud Top Pressure
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

Cloud Base Pressure
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

Cloud Base Height
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

Cloud Ceiling Height (in Kft above surface)
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

Deep Convective Cloud Top Pressure (mb)
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

Deep Convective Cloud Bottom Pressure (mb)
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

Total Convective Cloud Top Pressure (mb)
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

Total Convective Cloud Bottom Pressure (mb)
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

Grid-Scale Cloud Top Pressure (mb)
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

Grid-Scale Cloud Bottom Pressure (mb)
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

Height of Lowest Freezing Level (102 feet above sea level)
CONUS Loop

PBL Height (Based on TKE)
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

PBL Height (Based on Richardson number)
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

2-M Temperature
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

Skin Temperature
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

Lowest Model Layer Temperature
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

Snow Water Equivalent
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

Snow Depth (in) - CONUS
CONUS Loop

0-10 cm Soil Temperature - North America
Loop

0-10 cm Soil Moisture - North America
Loop

0-10 cm Frozen Soil Moisture - North America
Loop

10-40 cm Soil Temperature - North America
Loop

10-40 cm Soil Moisture - North America
Loop

10-40 cm Frozen Soil Moisture - North America
Loop

0-100 cm Soil Moisture Availability - North America
Loop

Skin Temp - 1st Layer Soil Temp : North America
Loop

Skin Temp - Lowest Model Layer Temp : North America
Loop

2-m Temp - Skin Temp : North America
Loop

Lowest Boundary Layer Dew Point Temperature (deg C)
CONUS Loop

2-m Dew Point Temperature (deg C)
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

Best CAPE
CONUS Loop

Best CIN
CONUS Loop

Best Lifted Index
CONUS Loop

K Index
CONUS Loop

Surface-based CAPE
CONUS Loop

Surface-based CIN
CONUS Loop

30-60 mb AGL Potential Temperature
CONUS Loop

30-60 mb AGL Equivalent Potential Temperature
CONUS Loop

Mixed Layer CAPE
CONUS Loop

Mixed Layer CIN
CONUS Loop

Surface Downward Shortwave Flux
CONUS Loop N.America Loop

Surface Upward Shortwave Flux
N.America Loop

Surface Downward Longwave Flux
N.America Loop

Surface Upward Longwave Flux
N.America Loop

*Instantaneous Albedo
N.America Loop

* ( UpSWFsfc / DownSWFsfc ) * 100, where UpSWF=Instantaneous sfc upward shortwave flux
DownSWF=Instantaneous sfc downward shortwave flux

Surface Clear-sky - Downward Shortwave Flux
N.America Loop

Net Surface Shortwave Flux
N.America Loop

Net Surface Longwave Flux
N.America Loop

Net Surface Shortwave+Longwave Flux
N.America Loop

Ground Heat Flux
N.America Loop

Latent Heat Flux
N.America Loop

Sensible Heat Flux
N.America Loop

Surface Energy Residual
CONUS Loop

Potential Evaporation
N.America Loop

Surface Exchange Coefficient
N.America Loop

Lowest Model Layer Q2 (2*TKE)
N.America Loop

2nd Lowest Model Layer Q2 (2*TKE)
N.America Loop

Surface Friction Velocity
N.America Loop CONUS Loop

Surface Drag Coefficient
N.America Loop

CONUS Simulated Radar Reflectivity (dBZ)
Composite Reflectivity Lowest Mdl Lev Reflectivity
1 km AGL Reflectivity Radar Echo Top Height (Kft)
All 3 Reflectivities Combined

Great Lakes Simulated Radar Reflectivity (dBZ)
Composite Reflectivity Lowest Mdl Lev Reflectivity
1 km AGL Reflectivity All 3 Combined

Top of Atmosphere Brightness Temperatures - (CONUS)
OLR Brightness T NCAR Brightness T
NAM Combined

Top of Atmosphere Brightness Temperatures - (North America)
OLR Brightness T NCAR Brightness T
NAM Combined

Top of Atmosphere Brightness Temperatures - (North Pacific)
OLR Brightness T NCAR Brightness T
NAM Combined

Top of Atmosphere Brightness Temperatures - (Alaska)
OLR Brightness T NCAR Brightness T
NAM Combined

Simulated GOES Brightness Temperatures

  • Channel 2 => 3.9 micron "shortwave infrared channel" (infrared emission only)
  • Channel 3 => 6.7 micron "water vapor channel"
  • Channel 4 => 10.7 micron "window channel"
  • Channel 5 => 12.0 micron "window channel" but with a different sensitivity to low-level moisture

    CH 2 CH 3 CH 4 CH 5
    CONUS X X X X
    N.America X X X X
    N.Pacific X X X X
    Alaska Region X X X X
    Tropical
    Atlantic
    X X X X
    Central
    Pacific /
    Hawaii
    X X X X
    Northeast
    CONUS
    X X X X
    Southeast
    CONUS
    X X X X
    North Central CONUS X X X X
    South Central CONUS X X X X
    Northwest
    CONUS
    X X X X
    Southwest
    CONUS
    X X X X

    Simulated GOES Brightness Temperatures and Simulated Radar Reflectivity

  • Channel 2 => 3.9 micron "shortwave infrared channel"
  • Channel 3 => 6.7 micron "water vapor channel"
  • Channel 4 => 10.7 micron "window channel"
  • Channel 5 => 12.0 micron "window channel" but with a different sensitivity to low-level moisture

  • Full CONUS plot : Composite Reflectivity & GOES brightness temperature
  • Regional CONUS : 1 km AGL Reflectivity & GOES brightness temperature

    CH 2 CH 3 CH 4 CH 5
    CONUS X X X X
    Northeast
    CONUS
    X X X X
    Southeast
    CONUS
    X X X X
    North Central CONUS X X X X
    South Central CONUS X X X X
    Northwest
    CONUS
    X X X X
    Southwest
    CONUS
    X X X X

    Regional Sfc Fields

    NE=Northeast CONUS
    SE=Southeast CONUS
    NC=North Central CONUS
    SC=South Central CONUS
    NW=Northwest CONUS
    SW=Southwest CONUS
    GF=Gulf of Mexico
    AK=Alaska

    NE SE NC SC NW SW GF AK
    SLP, 3-h Accumulated Precip X X X X X X X X
    10-m Wind,
    Sfc Height
    X X X X X X X X
    10-m Wind,
    Isotachs
    X X X X X X X X
    10-m Wind
    Gust
    X X X X X X X X
    Lowest level wind X X X X X X X
    Lowest level wind,
    isotachs
    X X X X X X X
    2-m Temp X X X X X X X X
    2-m Td X X X X X X X X
    3-h Precip X X X X X X X X
    3-h Conv Precip X X X X X X X X
    Precip Type X X X X X X X
    Percent of Frozen Precipitation X X X X X X
    Lowest Model Level Rime Factor X X X X X X
    Precip Water X X X X X X X X
    Best (4-layer) CAPE X X X X X X X X
    Surface-based CAPE X X X X X X X X
    Best (4-layer) CIN X X X X X X X X
    Surface-based CIN X X X X X X X X
    Best CAPE,CIN Combined X X X X X X X
    Total Cloud Fraction X X X X X X X X
    Low Cloud Fraction X X X X X X X
    Middle Cloud Fraction X X X X X X X
    High Cloud Fraction X X X X X X X
    Total Column Integrated Condensate X X X X X X X X
    Visibility X X X X X X X X
    Ceiling Hgt X X X X X X X X
    Composite Radar Reflectivity X X X X X X X X
    Radar Echo Top Height (Kft) X X X X X X
    Mean 150 mb AGL RH, Wind X X X X X X
    3-h Accum Snow (in) X X X X X X
    Snow Depth (in) X X X X X X
    Ice accretion (mm) X X X X X X

    NE SE NC SC NW SW
    00-24 H
    Accum Precip
    X X X X X X
    12-36 H
    Accum Precip
    X X X X X X
    24-48 H
    Accum Precip
    X X X X X X
    36-60 H
    Accum Precip
    X X X X X X
    48-72 H
    Accum Precip
    X X X X X X
    60-84 H
    Accum Precip
    X X X X X X
    84-H
    Accum Precip
    X X X X X X

    New England 10-M Wind (kt), 2-M Temp
    Wind Loop Temp Loop

    Chesapeake Bay 10-M Wind (kt)
    Loop

    Central California Coast 10-M Wind (kt)
    Loop

    Great Salt Lake, Pacific Northwest 10-M Wind (kt)
    SLC Loop PAC NW Loop

    Great Lakes 10-M Wind (kt)
    NY Loop Mich. Loop Superior Loop

    North/East/Central Pacific, Hawaii, Tropical Atlantic plots

    Hawaii/
    Central Pacific
    North Pacific/
    East Pacific
    Tropical
    Atlantic
    SLP X
    X
    X
    3-h Precip,SLP X
    X
    X
    3-h Conv
    Precip
    X
    X
    X
    Precipitable
    Water
    X
    X
    X
    10-m Wind X
    X
    X
    850 mb Wind,
    Isotachs
    X
    X
    X
    850 mb Wind,
    Streamlines
    X
    X
    X
    850 mb RH X
    X
    X
    700 mb RH, Omega X
    X
    X
    500 mb Height,
    Vorticity
    X
    X
    X
    250 mb Height,
    Wind Speed
    X
    X
    X
    250 mb Wind,
    Streamlines
    X
    X
    X
    850-200 mb Wind Shear,
    200 mb Streamlines
    X
    X
    X
    Model OLR
    Brightness
    Temp
    X
    X
    X
    NCAR
    Brightness
    Temp
    X
    X
    X

    Additional Hawaii Fields
    3-h Accum Precip
    10-m Wind,Isotachs
    10-m Wind,Sfc Height
    Composite Reflectivity
    Lowest Mdl Lev Reflectivity Shelter Temperature
    Shelter Dew Point Temperature Shelter Temp/Dew Point Temp

    Alaska/North Atlantic Region plots

    Alaska North
    Atlantic
    SLP X
    X
    3-h Precip, SLP X
    X
    3-h Conv
    Precip
    X
    X
    Precipitable Water X
    X
    10-m Wind X
    X
    850 mb Wind,
    Isotachs
    X
    X
    850 mb RH X
    X
    700 mb RH, Omega X
    X
    500 mb Height,
    Vorticity
    X
    X
    250 mb Height,
    Wind Speed
    X
    X
    Model OLR
    Brightness
    Temp
    X
    X
    NCAR
    Brightness
    Temp
    X
    X
    Best CAPE X
    X
    Instant Precip Rate X
    X
    Instant Convective Precip Rate X
    X

    Full Domain Height/Temp/Q/Wind/SLP plots

    Ops NAM
    SLP X
    1000 MB Z
    T
    Q
    W
    850 MB Z
    T
    Q
    W
    500 MB Z
    T
    Q
    W
    250 MB Z
    T
    Q
    W
    100 MB Z
    T
    Q
    W
    50 MB Z
    T
    Q
    W
    20 MB Z
    T
    Q
    W

    Regional Sfc Fields - Caribbean Sea
    SLP, 3-h Accumulated Precip
    10-m wind, Sfc Height
    10-m wind isotachs
    2-m temperature
    2-m Dew Point Temperature
    3-h Precipitation
    3-h Convective Precip
    Precipitable Water
    Total Column-Integrated Condensate
    Visibility
    Ceiling Height