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Soil/Surface Parameters
Snow cover (water equivalent)
Sea Surface Temperature
Sea Ice Coverage
0-10cm soil moisture
10-40cm soil moisture
40-100cm soil moisture
100-200cm soil moisture
0-10cm frozen soil moisture
10-40cm frozen soil moisture
40-100cm frozen soil moisture
100-200cm frozen soil moisture
0-10cm soil temperature
10-40cm soil temperature
40-100cm soil temperature
100-200cm soil temperature
0-200cm soil moisture
0-100cm moisture availability
Midday Albedo
Storm surface runoff
Baseflow-groundwater runoff
Surface roughness length
Surface terrain height
Greenness fraction

SLP, 1000-500 mb Thickness
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

Total Precipitation (in)
0-84h

3-H Accumulated Precipitation (in), SLP
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

24-H Accumulated Precipitation (in)
00-24h 12-36h
24-48h 36-60h
48-72h 60-84h

3-H Accumulated Convective Precipitation (in)
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

3-H Accumulated Snowfall (in)
NAM CONUS Loop

Total Convective Precipitation (in)
0-84h

Precipitation Type
NAM CONUS Loop

Visibility (km)
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

Visibility, Convective Precip Rate,
Lowest Model level rain, snow, cloud water, cloud ice
NAM Loop

Percent of Frozen Precip vs Precipitation Type
00h 03h 06h
09h 12h 15h
18h 21h 24h
27h 30h 33h
36h 39h 42h
45h 48h 51h
54h 57h 60h
63h 66h 69h
72h 75h 78h
81h 84h NAM CONUS Loop

Percent of Frozen Precip vs Instantaneous Precip Rate (mm/h)
00h 03h 06h 09h
12h 15h 18h 21h
24h 27h 30h 33h
36h 39h 42h 45h
48h 51h 54h 57h
60h 63h 66h 69h
72h 75h 78h 81h
84h

Instantaneous Precip Rate (mm/h)
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

Instantaneous Convective Precip Rate (mm/h)
NAM CONUS Loop NAM North
America

Total Precipitation and Convective Precip Rate (mm/h)
NAM CONUS Loop NAM North
America

Percent of Frozen Precip vs Lowest Model Level Rime Factor vs Precipitation Type
00h 03h 06h 09h
12h 15h 18h 21h
24h 27h 30h 33h
36h 39h 42h 45h
48h 51h 54h 57h
60h 63h 66h 69h
72h 75h 78h 81h
84h
NAM Rime Factor CONUS Loop NAM Rime Factor N.Am Loop

Total Column-integrated cloud water+rain (mm)
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

Total Column-integrated cloud ice+snow (mm)
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

Total Column-integrated condensate (mm)
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

Total Column-integrated supercooled water and melting ice (mm)
CONUS Supercooled water N.America Supercooled water

Average column heating rates
Shortwave heating rate (deg C/hr)
Longwave heating rate (deg C/hr)
Grid-scale heating rate (deg C/hr)
Convective heating rate (deg C/hr)

Total Column-integrated moisture divergence
NAMX CONUS loop

Base and Top height of supercooled liquid water layer
CONUS Base height CONUS Top height

700 mb - 950 mb Rime Factor, snow mixing ratio,
rain mixing ratio, and cloud water mixing ratio
NAM N.Am.Loop

50 mb - 600 mb Rime Factor, snow mixing ratio,
cloud ice mixing ratio, and cloud water mixing ratio
NAM N.Am.Loop

850mb Height and Temperature
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

850mb Wind (kt)
NAM Loop

700mb Temperature
NAM N.America Loop

700mb Height and Total Column PW
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

700mb RH, Vertical Velocity
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

500mb Height and Vorticity
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

300mb Height and Wind Speed
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

250mb Height and Wind Speed
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

250mb Wind
NAM Loop

250mb Temperature
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

300mb Temperature
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

50mb Temperature
NAM N.America Loop

Dynamic Tropopause : Pressure and Potential Temperature on PV=1.5 level
Pressure Theta
NAM X X

Total Cloud Fraction - North America
NAM Loop

Convective Cloud Fraction - North America
NAM Loop

High Cloud Fraction - North America
NAM Loop

Middle Cloud Fraction - North America
NAM Loop

Low Cloud Fraction - North America
NAM Loop

Cloud Top Temperature
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

Cloud Top Height
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

Cloud Top Pressure
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

Cloud Base Pressure
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

Cloud Base Height
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

Cloud Ceiling Height (in Kft above surface)
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

Deep Convective Cloud Top Pressure (mb)
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

Deep Convective Cloud Bottom Pressure (mb)
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

Total Convective Cloud Top Pressure (mb)
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

Total Convective Cloud Bottom Pressure (mb)
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

Grid-Scale Cloud Top Pressure (mb)
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

Grid-Scale Cloud Bottom Pressure (mb)
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

Height of Lowest Freezing Level (102 feet above sea level)
NAM CONUS Loop

PBL Height (Based on TKE)
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

PBL Height (Based on Richardson number)
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

2-M Temperature
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

Skin Temperature
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

Lowest Model Layer Temperature
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

Snow Water Equivalent
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

Snow Depth (in) - CONUS
NAM Loop

0-10 cm Soil Temperature - North America
NAM Loop

0-10 cm Soil Moisture - North America
NAM Loop

0-10 cm Frozen Soil Moisture - North America
NAM Loop

10-40 cm Soil Temperature - North America
NAM Loop

10-40 cm Soil Moisture - North America
NAM Loop

10-40 cm Frozen Soil Moisture - North America
NAM Loop

0-100 cm Soil Moisture Availability - North America
NAM Loop

Skin Temp - 1st Layer Soil Temp : North America
NAM Loop

Skin Temp - Lowest Model Layer Temp : North America
NAM Loop

2-m Temp - Skin Temp : North America
NAM Loop

Lowest Boundary Layer Dew Point Temperature (deg C)
NAM CONUS Loop

2-m Dew Point Temperature (deg C)
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

Best CAPE
NAM CONUS Loop

Best CIN
NAM CONUS Loop

Best Lifted Index
NAM CONUS Loop

K Index
NAM CONUS Loop

Surface-based CAPE
NAM CONUS Loop

Surface-based CIN
NAM CONUS Loop

30-60 mb AGL Potential Temperature
NAM CONUS Loop

30-60 mb AGL Equivalent Potential Temperature
NAM CONUS Loop

Mixed Layer CAPE
NAM CONUS Loop

Mixed Layer CIN
NAM CONUS Loop

Surface Downward Shortwave Flux
NAM CONUS Loop NAM N.America Loop

Surface Upward Shortwave Flux
NAM N.America Loop

Surface Downward Longwave Flux
NAM N.America Loop

Surface Upward Longwave Flux
NAM N.America Loop

*Instantaneous Albedo
NAM N.America Loop

* ( UpSWFsfc / DownSWFsfc ) * 100, where UpSWF=Instantaneous sfc upward shortwave flux
DownSWF=Instantaneous sfc downward shortwave flux

Surface Clear-sky - Downward Shortwave Flux
NAM N.America Loop

Net Surface Shortwave Flux
NAM N.America Loop

Net Surface Longwave Flux
NAM N.America Loop

Net Surface Shortwave+Longwave Flux
NAM N.America Loop

Ground Heat Flux
NAM N.America Loop

Latent Heat Flux
NAM N.America Loop

Sensible Heat Flux
NAM N.America Loop

Surface Energy Residual
NAM CONUS Loop

Potential Evaporation
NAM N.America Loop

Surface Exchange Coefficient
NAM N.America Loop

Lowest Model Layer Q2 (2*TKE)
NAM N.America Loop

2nd Lowest Model Layer Q2 (2*TKE)
NAM N.America Loop

Surface Friction Velocity
NAM N.America Loop NAM CONUS Loop

Surface Drag Coefficient
NAM N.America Loop

CONUS Simulated Radar Reflectivity (dBZ)
Composite Reflectivity Lowest Mdl Lev Reflectivity
1 km AGL Reflectivity Radar Echo Top Height (Kft)
All 3 Reflectivities Combined

Great Lakes Simulated Radar Reflectivity (dBZ)
Composite Reflectivity Lowest Mdl Lev Reflectivity
1 km AGL Reflectivity All 3 Combined

Top of Atmosphere Brightness Temperatures - (CONUS)
OLR Brightness T NCAR Brightness T
NAM Combined

Top of Atmosphere Brightness Temperatures - (North America)
OLR Brightness T NCAR Brightness T
NAM Combined

Top of Atmosphere Brightness Temperatures - (North Pacific)
OLR Brightness T NCAR Brightness T
NAM Combined

Top of Atmosphere Brightness Temperatures - (Alaska)
OLR Brightness T NCAR Brightness T
NAM Combined

Simulated GOES Brightness Temperatures

  • Channel 2 => 3.9 micron "shortwave infrared channel" (infrared emission only)
  • Channel 3 => 6.7 micron "water vapor channel"
  • Channel 4 => 10.7 micron "window channel"
  • Channel 5 => 12.0 micron "window channel" but with a different sensitivity to low-level moisture

    CH 2 CH 3 CH 4 CH 5
    CONUS X X X X
    N.America X X X X
    N.Pacific X X X X
    Alaska Region X X X X
    Tropical
    Atlantic
    X X X X
    Central
    Pacific /
    Hawaii
    X X X X
    Northeast
    CONUS
    X X X X
    Southeast
    CONUS
    X X X X
    North Central CONUS X X X X
    South Central CONUS X X X X
    Northwest
    CONUS
    X X X X
    Southwest
    CONUS
    X X X X

    Simulated GOES Brightness Temperatures and Simulated Radar Reflectivity

  • Channel 2 => 3.9 micron "shortwave infrared channel"
  • Channel 3 => 6.7 micron "water vapor channel"
  • Channel 4 => 10.7 micron "window channel"
  • Channel 5 => 12.0 micron "window channel" but with a different sensitivity to low-level moisture

  • Full CONUS plot : Composite Reflectivity & GOES brightness temperature
  • Regional CONUS : 1 km AGL Reflectivity & GOES brightness temperature

    CH 2 CH 3 CH 4 CH 5
    CONUS X X X X
    Northeast
    CONUS
    X X X X
    Southeast
    CONUS
    X X X X
    North Central CONUS X X X X
    South Central CONUS X X X X
    Northwest
    CONUS
    X X X X
    Southwest
    CONUS
    X X X X

    Regional Sfc Fields

    NE=Northeast CONUS
    SE=Southeast CONUS
    NC=North Central CONUS
    SC=South Central CONUS
    NW=Northwest CONUS
    SW=Southwest CONUS
    GF=Gulf of Mexico
    AK=Alaska

    NE SE NC SC NW SW GF AK
    SLP, 3-h Accumulated Precip X X X X X X X X
    10-m Wind,
    Sfc Height
    X X X X X X X X
    10-m Wind,
    Isotachs
    X X X X X X X X
    10-m Wind
    Gust
    X X X X X X X X
    Lowest level wind X X X X X X X
    Lowest level wind,
    isotachs
    X X X X X X X
    2-m Temp X X X X X X X X
    2-m Td X X X X X X X X
    3-h Precip X X X X X X X X
    3-h Conv Precip X X X X X X X X
    Precip Type X X X X X X X
    Percent of Frozen Precipitation X X X X X X
    Lowest Model Level Rime Factor X X X X X X
    Precip Water X X X X X X X X
    Best (4-layer) CAPE X X X X X X X X
    Surface-based CAPE X X X X X X X X
    Best (4-layer) CIN X X X X X X X X
    Surface-based CIN X X X X X X X X
    Best CAPE,CIN Combined X X X X X X X
    Total Cloud Fraction X X X X X X X X
    Low Cloud Fraction X X X X X X X
    Middle Cloud Fraction X X X X X X X
    High Cloud Fraction X X X X X X X
    Total Column Integrated Condensate X X X X X X X X
    Visibility X X X X X X X X
    Ceiling Hgt X X X X X X X X
    Composite Radar Reflectivity X X X X X X X X
    Radar Echo Top Height (Kft) X X X X X X
    Mean 150 mb AGL RH, Wind X X X X X X
    3-h Accum Snow (in) X X X X X X
    Snow Depth (in) X X X X X X
    Ice accretion (mm) X X X X X X

    NE SE NC SC NW SW
    00-24 H
    Accum Precip
    X X X X X X
    12-36 H
    Accum Precip
    X X X X X X
    24-48 H
    Accum Precip
    X X X X X X
    36-60 H
    Accum Precip
    X X X X X X
    48-72 H
    Accum Precip
    X X X X X X
    60-84 H
    Accum Precip
    X X X X X X
    84-H
    Accum Precip
    X X X X X X

    New England 10-M Wind (kt), 2-M Temp
    NAM Wind Loop NAM Temp Loop

    Chesapeake Bay 10-M Wind (kt)
    NAM Loop

    Central California Coast 10-M Wind (kt)
    NAM Loop

    Great Salt Lake, Pacific Northwest 10-M Wind (kt)
    NAM SLC Loop NAM PAC NW Loop

    Great Lakes 10-M Wind (kt)
    NAM NY Loop NAM Mich. Loop NAM Superior Loop

    North/East/Central Pacific, Hawaii, Tropical Atlantic plots

    Hawaii/
    Central Pacific
    North Pacific/
    East Pacific
    Tropical
    Atlantic
    SLP X
    X
    X
    3-h Precip,SLP X
    X
    X
    3-h Conv
    Precip
    X
    X
    X
    Precipitable
    Water
    X
    X
    X
    10-m Wind X
    X
    X
    850 mb Wind,
    Isotachs
    X
    X
    X
    850 mb Wind,
    Streamlines
    X
    X
    X
    850 mb RH X
    X
    X
    700 mb RH, Omega X
    X
    X
    500 mb Height,
    Vorticity
    X
    X
    X
    250 mb Height,
    Wind Speed
    X
    X
    X
    250 mb Wind,
    Streamlines
    X
    X
    X
    850-200 mb Wind Shear,
    200 mb Streamlines
    X
    X
    X
    Model OLR
    Brightness
    Temp
    X
    X
    X
    NCAR
    Brightness
    Temp
    X
    X
    X

    Additional Hawaii Fields
    3-h Accum Precip
    10-m Wind,Isotachs
    10-m Wind,Sfc Height
    Composite Reflectivity
    Lowest Mdl Lev Reflectivity Shelter Temperature
    Shelter Dew Point Temperature Shelter Temp/Dew Point Temp

    Alaska/North Atlantic Region plots

    Alaska North
    Atlantic
    SLP X
    X
    3-h Precip, SLP X
    X
    3-h Conv
    Precip
    X
    X
    Precipitable Water X
    X
    10-m Wind X
    X
    850 mb Wind,
    Isotachs
    X
    X
    850 mb RH X
    X
    700 mb RH, Omega X
    X
    500 mb Height,
    Vorticity
    X
    X
    250 mb Height,
    Wind Speed
    X
    X
    Model OLR
    Brightness
    Temp
    X
    X
    NCAR
    Brightness
    Temp
    X
    X
    Best CAPE X
    X
    Instant Precip Rate X
    X
    Instant Convective Precip Rate X
    X

    Full Domain Height/Temp/Q/Wind/SLP plots

    Ops NAM
    SLP X
    1000 MB Z
    T
    Q
    W
    850 MB Z
    T
    Q
    W
    500 MB Z
    T
    Q
    W
    250 MB Z
    T
    Q
    W
    100 MB Z
    T
    Q
    W
    50 MB Z
    T
    Q
    W
    20 MB Z
    T
    Q
    W

    Regional Sfc Fields - Caribbean Sea
    SLP, 3-h Accumulated Precip
    10-m wind, Sfc Height
    10-m wind isotachs
    2-m temperature
    2-m Dew Point Temperature
    3-h Precipitation
    3-h Convective Precip
    Precipitable Water
    Total Column-Integrated Condensate
    Visibility
    Ceiling Height