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Soil/Surface Parameters
Snow cover (water equivalent)
Sea Surface Temperature
Sea Ice Coverage
0-10cm soil moisture
10-40cm soil moisture
40-100cm soil moisture
100-200cm soil moisture
0-10cm frozen soil moisture
10-40cm frozen soil moisture
40-100cm frozen soil moisture
100-200cm frozen soil moisture
0-10cm soil temperature
10-40cm soil temperature
40-100cm soil temperature
100-200cm soil temperature
0-200cm soil moisture
0-100cm moisture availability
Midday Albedo
Storm surface runoff
Baseflow-groundwater runoff
Surface roughness length
Surface terrain height
Greenness fraction

SLP, 1000-500 mb Thickness
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X
PLLNEST-OPSNEST X

Total Precipitation (in)
0-60h

SLP, 3-h Accumulated Precipitation (in)
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

24-H Accumulated Precipitation (in)
06-30h 18-42h
30-54h

3-h Convective Precipitation (in)
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

Total Convective Precipitation (in)
0-60h

3-h Snowfall
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

Precipitation Type
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

Visibility (km)
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

Visibility, Convective Precip Rate,
Lowest Model level rain, snow, cloud water, cloud ice
OPSNEST PLLNEST

Percent of Frozen Precip vs Precipitation Type
00h 03h 06h 09h 12h 15h
18h 21h 24h 27h 30h 33h
36h 39h 42h 45h 48h 51h
54h 57h 60h

OPSNEST PLLNEST OPSNEST,PLLNEST

Percent of Frozen Precip vs Instantaneous Precip Rate (mm/h)
00h 03h 06h 09h 12h 15h 18h 21h
24h 27h 30h 33h 36h 39h 42h 45h
48h 51h 54h 57h 60h

Instantaneous Precip Rate (mm/h)
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

Instantaneous Convective Precip Rate (mm/h)
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

Total Precipitation and Convective Precip Rate (mm/h)
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X

Percent of Frozen Precip vs Lowest Model Level Rime Factor vs Precipitation Type
00h 03h 06h 09h 12h 15h 18h 21h
24h 27h 30h 33h 36h 39h 42h 45h
48h 51h 54h 57h 60h

Lowest Model Level Rime Factor Loops
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

Total Column-integrated cloud water+rain (mm)
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

Total Column-integrated cloud ice+snow (mm)
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

Total Column-integrated condensate (mm)
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

Total Column-integrated supercooled water (mm)
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

Total Column-integrated melting ice (mm)
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

Average column heating rates
Shortwave heating
rate (deg C/hr)
Longwave heating
rate (deg C/hr)
OPSNEST X X
PLLNEST X X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X X

Grid-scale heating
rate (deg C/hr)
Convective heating
rate (deg C/hr)
OPSNEST X X
PLLNEST X X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X X

Total Column-integrated moisture divergence
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

Base and Top height of supercooled liquid water layer
Base
height
Top
height
Both
OPSNEST X X X
PLLNEST X X X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X X

700 mb - 950 mb Rime Factor, snow mixing ratio,
rain mixing ratio, and cloud water mixing ratio
OPSNEST PLLNEST

50 mb - 600 mb Rime Factor, snow mixing ratio,
cloud ice mixing ratio, and cloud water mixing ratio
OPSNEST PLLNEST

1000mb Temperature
AK
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X
PLLNEST-OPSNEST Temps X

925mb Temperature
AK
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X
PLLNEST-OPSNEST Temps X

850mb Height and Temperature
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X
PLLNEST-OPSNEST Temps X

850mb Wind (kt)
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X
PLLNEST-OPSNEST X

700mb Temperature
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X
PLLNEST-OPSNEST X

700mb Height and Total Column PW
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X
PLLNEST-OPSNEST PW X

700mb RH, Vertical Velocity
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X
PLLNEST-OPSNEST RH X

500mb Height and Vorticity
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X
PLLNEST-OPSNEST X

300mb Height and Wind Speed
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X
PLLNEST-OPSNEST
Wind Speed
X

250mb Height and Wind Speed
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X
PLLNEST-OPSNEST
Wind Speed
X

250mb Wind
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X
PLLNEST-OPSNEST X

250mb Temperature
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X
PLLNEST-OPSNEST X

300mb Temperature
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X
PLLNEST-OPSNEST X

500mb Temperature
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X
PLLNEST-OPSNEST X

50mb Temperature
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X
PLLNEST-OPSNEST X

Total/Convective Cloud Fraction - Alaska
Total Convective
OPSNEST X X
PLLNEST X X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X X

Low/Middle/High Cloud Fraction - Alaska
Low Middle High
OPSNEST X X X
PLLNEST X X X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X X X

Cloud Top Temperature/Height/Pressure
Temp Height Pressure
OPSNEST X X X
PLLNEST X X X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X X X

Cloud Base Pressure/Height
Height Pressure
OPSNEST X X
PLLNEST X X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X X

Cloud Ceiling Height (Kft above surface)
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

Deep Convective Cloud Top/Bottom Pressure (mb)
Top
Pressure
Bottom
Pressure
OPSNEST X X
PLLNEST X X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X X

Shallow Convective Cloud Top/Bottom Pressure (mb)
Top
Pressure
Bottom
Pressure
OPSNEST X X
PLLNEST X X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X X

Total Convective Cloud Top/Bottom Pressure (mb)
Top
Pressure
Bottom
Pressure
OPSNEST X X
PLLNEST X X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X X

Grid-Scale Cloud Top/Bottom Pressure (mb)
Top
Pressure
Bottom
Pressure
OPSNEST X X
PLLNEST X X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X X

Height of Lowest Freezing Level (102 feet above sea level)
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

PBL Height
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

2-M Temperature
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X
PLLNEST-OPSNEST X

Skin Temperature
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X
PLLNEST-OPSNEST X

Lowest Model Layer Temperature
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X
PLLNEST-OPSNEST X

Snow Water Equivalent
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

Snow Depth (in)
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

Soil Parameters - Alaska
OPSNEST PLLNEST OPSNEST,
PLLNEST
0-10 cm
Soil Temp
X X X
10-40 cm
Soil Temp
X X X
0-10 cm
Soil Moisture
X X X
10-40 cm
Soil Moisture
X X X
0-10 cm
Frozen Soil
Moisture
X X X
10-40 cm
Frozen Soil
Moisture
X X X
0-100 cm Soil
Moisture
Availability
X X X

Skin Temp - 1st Layer Soil Temp
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

Skin Temp - Lowest Model Layer Temp
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

2-m Temp - Skin Temp
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

Lowest Boundary Layer Dew Point Temperature (deg C)
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

2-m Dew Point Temperature (deg C)
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X
PLLNEST-OPSNEST X

CAPE/CIN/Lifted Index/K-Index
OPSNEST PLLNEST OPSNEST,
PLLNEST
Best CIN X X X
Best Lifted
Index
X X X
Surface CIN X X X
K-Index X X X

Best
CAPE
Sfc
CAPE
Mixed
Layer
CAPE
OPSNEST X X X
PLLNEST X X X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X X X
NAM-PLLNEST X X X

Surface Downward Shortwave Flux
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X
PLLNEST-OPSNEST X

Surface Upward Shortwave Flux
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

Surface Downward Longwave Flux
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X
PLLNEST-OPSNEST X

Surface Upward Longwave Flux
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

*Instantaneous Albedo
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X
PLLNEST-OPSNEST X

* ( UpSWFsfc / DownSWFsfc ) * 100, where UpSWF=Instantaneous sfc upward shortwave flux
DownSWF=Instantaneous sfc downward shortwave flux

Surface Clear-sky - Downward Shortwave Flux
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X
PLLNEST-OPSNEST X

Net Surface Shortwave Flux
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X
PLLNEST-OPSNEST X

Net Surface Longwave Flux
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X
PLLNEST-OPSNEST X

Net Surface Shortwave+Longwave Flux
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X
PLLNEST-OPSNEST X

Ground Heat Flux
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X
PLLNEST-OPSNEST X

Latent Heat Flux
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X
PLLNEST-OPSNEST X

Sensible Heat Flux
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X
PLLNEST-OPSNEST X

Surface Energy Residual
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

Potential Evaporation
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

Surface Exchange Coefficient
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

Lowest Model Layer Q2 (2*TKE)
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

2nd Lowest Model Layer Q2 (2*TKE)
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

Surface Friction Velocity
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

Surface Drag Coefficient
Alaska
OPSNEST X
PLLNEST X
OPSNEST,PLLNEST X

Simulated Radar Reflectivity (dBZ)
OPSNEST PLLNEST OPSNEST,
PLLNEST
Composite
Reflectivity
X X X
Lowest Model Level
Reflectivity
X X X
1 km AGL
Reflectivity
X X X
All 3 Combined X X
Radar Echo Top Height (Kft) X X X

Top of Atmosphere Brightness Temperatures
Alaska
Model OLR OPSNEST
PLLNEST
Both
NCAR Brightness
Temp
OPSNEST
PLLNEST
Both
Combined OPSNEST
PLLNEST

Additional Surface Fields

10-m Wind,
Surface Height
OPSNEST
PLLNEST
OPS,PLLNEST Combined
10-m Wind
Isotachs
OPSNEST
PLLNEST
OPS,PLLNEST Combined
10-m Wind
Gust
OPSNEST
PLLNEST
OPS,PLLNEST Combined
Lowest level
wind, sfc height
OPSNEST
PLLNEST
OPS,PLLNEST Combined
Lowest level
wind, isotachs
OPSNEST
PLLNEST
OPS,PLLNEST Combined
Best CAPE,CIN combined OPSNEST
PLLNEST
OPS,PLLNEST Combined
Mean 150 mb AGL RH, Wind OPSNEST
PLLNEST
OPS,PLLNEST Combined

Regional Sfc Fields

P=OPSNEST
N=PLLNEST
C=OPSNEST,PLLNEST

North South West
10-m Wind,
Surface Height
P
N
C
P
N
C
P
N
C
10-m Wind
Isotachs
P
N
C
P
N
C
P
N
C
10-m Wind
Gust
P
N
C
P
N
C
P
N
C
2-m Temp P
N
C
P
N
C
P
N
C

Fire Weather Fields

Haines Index OPSNEST
PLLNEST
OPS,PLLNEST Combined
Ventilation Rate OPSNEST
PLLNEST
OPS,PLLNEST Combined
Transport Wind OPSNEST
PLLNEST
OPS,PLLNEST Combined
PBL Height OPSNEST
PLLNEST
OPS,PLLNEST Combined
1-H Minimum RH OPSNEST
PLLNEST
OPS,PLLNEST Combined