Table 4.  Code table for PREPBUFR report types used by Regional NAM and NDAS GSI analyses (last revised 9/24/2014- still not completely up-to-date).
 

Key:

     In the "Report Type" column, a  GREEN report type means that report type can be found in the PREPBUFR file.  A RED report type means that report type is currently never found in the PREPBUFR file.   An "R" after the report type means this type is restricted with respect to redistribution outside of NCEP for some amount of time.

     In the "Description" and "Note" columns, observation types are designated as follows:
          p - vertical coordinate pressure
          Pstn - station (surface) pressure
          PWl - layer precipitable water
          PWt - total column precipitable water
          q - specific humidity
          rr - rain rate
          sst - sea-surface temperature
          Tb - brightness temperature
          Ts - sensible (dry bulb) temperature
          Tv - virtual temperature
          u, v - u- and v-components of wind
          wspd - wind speed
          z - vertical coordinate height
          
     In the "Note" column, GREEN lines refer to observation types that end up being used by the assimilating analysis, BLUE lines refer to observation types that end up being monitored (but not actually used) by the assimilating analysis, and RED lines refer to observation types (or entire reports) that are not used by the assimilating analysis due to the reason(s) given (they may, however, be monitored). BLACK lines refer to informational material.
   
     
MASS REPORTS
Report Type PREPBUFR Message Type Description Note
111 SYNDAT SYNTHETIC (BOGUS) TROPICAL CYCLONE STORM CENTER - q, Pstn q, Pstn monitored by assimilation by switch in convinfo text file read by NAM-GSI

Added to PREPBUFR file by later program SYNDAT_SYNDATA.
120 ADPUPA RAWINSONDE - Tv, q, Pstn, sst Tv, q, Pstn used by assimilation

sst monitored by assimilation by switch in convinfo text file read by NAM-GSI
122 ADPUPA CLASS SOUNDING - Tv, q, Pstn Entire report tossed by switch in PREPOBS_PREPDATA parm cards
126 RASSDA RASS [FROM NOAA PROFILER NETWORK (NPN) OR MULTI-AGENCY PROFILER (MAP) NETWORK]  - Tv Tv used by assimilation
130 AIRCFT AIREP AND PIREP AIRCRAFT - Ts Ts used by assimilation
131
R
AIRCFT AMDAR AIRCRAFT - Ts Ts used by assimilation
132 ADPUPA FLIGHT-LEVEL RECONNAISSANCE AND PROFILE DROPSONDE - Tv, q, Pstn q (non-U.S. drops, all levels), Pstn (all drops) [and surface level Tv (all drops), surface level q (all drops)] flagged for non-use by assimilation by switch in PREPOBS_PREPDATA parm cards

Tv (all drops, above surface; reccos), q [U.S. (NOAA Gulf Stream and P-3 and USAF) drops, above surface; reccos] used by assimilation

q (non-U.S. drops, all levels), Tv (all drops, at surface), q (all drops, at surface) and Pstn (all drops) monitored by assimilation due to their being flagged by switch in PREPOBS_PREPDATA parm cards
133
R
AIRCAR MDCRS ACARS AIRCRAFT - Ts, q Ts, q used by assimilation
134
R
AIRCFT TAMDAR (Mesaba, PenAir, Chautauqua) AIRCRAFT - Ts, q Ts, q used by assimilation

As of November 18, 2011, the NWS contract with AirDat for TAMDAR data ended and was not renewed due to cost increases.  As a result these data are no longer available. 
135
R
AIRCFT CANADIAN AMDAR AIRCRAFT - Ts Ts used by assimilation
150 SPSSMI SSM/I SUPEROBED (1 DEGREE LAT/LON) FNMOC (OPERATIONAL) RAIN RATE (DMSP) - rr Not dumped
151 GOESND NESDIS 1x1 F-O-V CLOUD TOP PRESSURE, TEMPERATURE; CLOUD AMOUNT (GOES) Not dumped
152 SPSSMI SSM/I SUPEROBED (1 DEGREE LAT/LON) FNMOC (OPERATIONAL) PRECIPITABLE WATER OVER OCEAN (DMSP) - PWt PWt monitored by assimilation by switch in convinfo text file read by NAM-GSI

The SSM/I F-13 satellite went bad in November 2009 resulting in no data being processed.  The empty dumps were turned off and the PREPOBS_PREPDATA parm cards were set to no longer process these data in October 2010.
153 GPSIPW GPS-INTEGRATED PRECIPITABLE WATER (GPS-IPW) - PWt PWt used by assimilation
156 GOESND NESDIS 1x1 F-O-V 4-LAYER PRECIPITABLE WATER OVER LAND - CLEAR (GOES) - PWl Not dumped
157 GOESND NESDIS 1x1 F-O-V 4-LAYER PRECIPITABLE WATER OVER LAND - CLOUDY (GOES) - PWl Not dumped
158 GOESND NESDIS 1x1 F-O-V 4-LAYER PRECIPITABLE WATER OVER OCEAN - CLEAR (GOES) - PWl Not dumped
159 GOESND NESDIS 1x1 F-O-V 4-LAYER PRECIPITABLE WATER OVER OCEAN - CLOUDY (GOES) - PWl Not dumped
164 GOESND NESDIS 1x1 F-O-V RADIANCES OVER LAND - CLEAR (GOES) - Tb Not dumped
165 GOESND NESDIS 1x1 F-O-V RADIANCES OVER LAND - CLOUDY (GOES) - Tb Not dumped
174 GOESND NESDIS 1x1 F-O-V RADIANCES OVER OCEAN - CLEAR (GOES) - Tb Not dumped
175 GOESND NESDIS 1x1 F-O-V RADIANCES OVER OCEAN - CLOUDY (GOES) - Tb Not dumped
180
(R - U.S. & JMA SHIPS)
SFCSHP SURFACE MARINE WITH REPORTED STATION PRESSURE (SHIP, BUOY, C-MAN, TIDE GAUGE) - Tv, q, Pstn, sst Tv, q, Pstn used by assimilation

sst monitored by assimilation by switch in convinfo text file read by NAM-GSI
181
(R -
WMO Res 40 SYNOPS)
ADPSFC SURFACE LAND (SYNOPTIC, METAR) WITH REPORTED STATION PRESSURE - Tv, q, Pstn, sst Tv, q, Pstn used by assimilation

sst monitored by assimilation by switch in convinfo text file read by NAM-GSI
182 SFCSHP SPLASH-LEVEL DROPSONDE OVER OCEAN - Tv, q, Pstn Tv, q, Pstn used by assimilation
183
(R -
WMO Res 40 SYNOPS, U.S. & JMA SHIPS)
ADPSFC,
SFCSHP
SURFACE MARINE (SHIP, BUOY, C-MAN, TIDE GAUGE) OR LAND (SYNOPTIC, METAR) WITH MISSING STATION PRESSURE - Tv, q, Pstn, sst Tv, q used by assimilation

Pstn, sst monitored by assimilation by switch in convinfo text file read by NAM-GSI

Altimeter setting is also missing (always the case for synoptic).  Station pressure calculated from reported mean sea-level pressure and elevation via U.S. Standard Atmosphere approximation.  Elevation is greater than 7.5 meters (if less than 7.5 meters, station pressure set equal to sea-level pressure and report type set to 181).
187 ADPSFC SURFACE LAND (METAR) WITH MISSING STATION PRESSURE - Tv, q, Pstn, sst Tv, q, Pstn used by assimilation

sst monitored by assimilation by switch in convinfo text file read by NAM-GSI

Altimeter setting is reported (never the case for synoptic). Station pressure calculated from reported altimeter setting and elevation.
188
R
MSONET SURFACE MESONET - Tv, q, Pstn Tv, q used by assimilation (based on both static "uselist" and dynamic reject list constructed from RTMA)

Pstn used by assimilation at sites where either it is directly reported (these sites have a blank in character 8 of report id), or is missing and generated from the reported altimeter setting and elevation (these sites have an "a" in character 8 of report id) (based on both static "uselist" and dynamic reject list constructed from RTMA)

Pstn not used by assimilation at sites where both it and altimeter setting are missing, in which case Pstn is estimated from U.S. Standard Atmosphere Pmsl (Pmsl is always missing for mesonet reports) and reported temperature and elevation (these site have an "x" in character 8 of report id), based on logic in NAM-GSI read_prepbufr routine --> These are no longer generated, replaced with report type 195
191 SFCBOG AUSTRALIAN PAOB MEAN SEA-LEVEL PRESSURE BOGUS OVER OCEAN - Pstn No longer produced
192 ADPSFC SURFACE LAND SYNOPIC WITH MISSING STATION PRESSURE AND MISSING SEA-LEVEL PRESSURE - Tv, q, Pstn Tv, q used by assimilation

Pstn not used or monitored by assimilation as it is not included in convinfo text file read by NAM-GSI

Station pressure estimated from U.S. Standard Atmosphere approximation Pmsl and reported temperature and elevation. 
193 ADPSFC SURFACE LAND METAR WITH MISSING STATION PRESSURE, MISSING SEA-LEVEL PRESSURE AND MISSING ALTIMETER SETTING - Tv, q, Pstn Tv, q used by assimilation

Pstn not used or monitored by assimilation as it is not included in convinfo text file read by NAM-GSI

Station pressure estimated from
U.S. Standard Atmosphere approximation Pmsl and reported temperature and elevation. 
194 SFCSHP SURFACE MARINE (SHIP, BUOY, C-MAN, TIDE GAUGE) OR LAND (SYNOPTIC, METAR) WITH MISSING STATION PRESSURE AND MISSING SEA-LEVEL PRESSURE - Tv, q, Pstn Tv, q used by assimilation

Pstn not used or monitored by assimilation as it is not included in convinfo text file read by NAM-GSI

Station pressure estimated from
U.S. Standard Atmosphere approximation Pmsl and reported temperature and elevation. 
195 MSONET SURFACE MESONET WITH MISSING STATION PRESSURE AND MISSING ALTIMETER SETTING (SEA-LEVEL PRESSURE IS ALWAYS MISSING) - Tv, q, Pstn Tv, q used by assimilation

Pstn not used or monitored by assimilation as it is not included in convinfo text file read by NAM-GSI

Station pressure estimated from
U.S. Standard Atmosphere approximation Pmsl and reported temperature and elevation. 

  

WIND REPORTS
Report Type PREPBUFR Message Type Description Note
210 SYNDAT SYNTHETIC (BOGUS) TROPICAL CYCLONE - u, v u, v used by assimilation

Added to PREPBUFR file by later program SYNDAT_SYNDATA.
220 ADPUPA RAWINSONDE - u, v (all levels), z (winds-by-height levels) u, v used by assimilation

p (vertical coordinate) calculated from z on winds-by-height levels.
221 ADPUPA PIBAL - u, v, z u, v used by assimilation

p (vertical coordinate) calculated from z.
222 ADPUPA CLASS SOUNDING - u, v Entire report tossed by switch in PREPOBS_PREPDATA parm cards
223 PROFLR NOAA PROFILER NETWORK (NPN) WIND PROFILER - u, v, z u, v used by assimilation

p (vertical coordinate) calculated from z.
224 VADWND NEXRAD VERTICAL AZIMUTH DISPLAY (VAD) - u, v, z u, v used by assimilation

p (vertical coordinate) calculated from z.
227 PROFLR MULTI-AGENCY PROFILER (MAP) AND ACOUSTIC SOUNDER (SODAR) - u, v, z u, v at and below 400 mb used by assimilation

u,v above 400 mb monitored by assimilation based on logic in NAM-GSI read_prepbufr routine
228 PROFLR JAPANESE METEOROLOGICAL AGENCY (JMA) WIND PROFILER - u, v, z Not dumped
229 PROFLR WIND PROFILER DECODED FROM PILOT (PIBAL) BULLETINS - u, v, z u, v used by assimilation

p (vertical coordinate) calculated from z.
230 AIRCFT AIREP AND PIREP AIRCRAFT - u, v u, v used by assimilation
231
R
AIRCFT AMDAR AIRCRAFT - u, v u, v used by assimilation
232 ADPUPA FLIGHT-LEVEL RECONNAISSANCE AND PROFILE DROPSONDE - u, v u, v used by assimilation
233
R
AIRCAR MDCRS ACARS AIRCRAFT - u, v u, v used by assimilation
234
R
AIRCFT TAMDAR (Mesaba, PenAir, Chautauqua) AIRCRAFT - u, v u, v used by assimilation

As of November 18, 2011, the NWS contract with AirDat for TAMDAR data ended and was not renewed due to cost increases.  As a result these data are no longer available. 
235
R
AIRCFT CANADIAN AMDAR AIRCRAFT - u, v u, v used by assimilation
240 SATWND NESDIS 3.9 µ CHANNEL SHORT WAVE CLOUD DRIFT (ALL LEVELS) (GOES) - u, v Not dumped
241 SATWND INDIA IR AND VISIBLE CLOUD DRIFT (ALL LEVELS) (INSAT, KALPANA) - u, v Not dumped
242 SATWND JMA IR AND VISIBLE CLOUD DRIFT AT LEVELS BELOW 850 MB (GMS, MTSAT) - u, v u, v used by assimilation
243 SATWND EUMETSAT IR AND VISIBLE CLOUD DRIFT AT LEVELS BELOW 850 MB (METEOSAT) - u, v u, v (from METEOSAT-7 only) used by assimilation

u, v from METEOSAT-10 flagged for non-use by assimilation by switch in PREPOBS_PREPDATA parm cards

u, v (from METEOSAT-10 only) monitored by assimilation due to its being flagged by switch in PREPOBS_PREPDATA parm cards
244 SATWND AVHRR/POES IR CLOUD DRIFT (ALL LEVELS) (NOAA, METOP) - u,v Not dumped
245 SATWND NESDIS IR CLOUD DRIFT (ALL LEVELS) (GOES) - u, v u, v used by assimilation
246 SATWND NESDIS IMAGER WATER VAPOR (ALL LEVELS) - CLOUD TOP (GOES) - u, v u, v used by assimilation
247 SATWND NESDIS IMAGER WATER VAPOR (ALL LEVELS) - DEEP LAYER (GOES) - u, v Entire report tossed by switch in PREPOBS_PREPDATA parm cards
248 SATWND NESDIS SOUNDER WATER VAPOR (ALL LEVELS) - CLOUD TOP (GOES) - u, v Not dumped
249 SATWND NESDIS SOUNDER WATER VAPOR (ALL LEVELS) - DEEP LAYER (GOES) - u, v Not dumped
250 SATWND JMA IMAGER WATER VAPOR (ALL LEVELS) - CLOUD TOP & DEEP LAYER (GMS, MTSAT) - u, v u, v monitored by assimilation by switch in convinfo text file read by NAM-GSI
251 SATWND NESDIS VISIBLE CLOUD DRIFT (ALL LEVELS) (GOES) - u, v u, v monitored by assimilation by switch in convinfo text file read by NAM-GSI
252 SATWND JMA IR AND VISIBLE CLOUD DRIFT AT LEVELS ABOVE 850 MB (GMS, MTSAT) - u, v u, v used by assimilation
253 SATWND EUMETSAT IR AND VISIBLE CLOUD DRIFT AT LEVELS ABOVE 850 MB (METEOSAT) - u, v u, v (from METEOSAT-7 only) used by assimilation

u, v from METEOSAT-10 flagged for non-use by assimilation by switch in PREPOBS_PREPDATA parm cards

u, v (from METEOSAT-10 only) monitored by assimilation due to its being flagged by switch in PREPOBS_PREPDATA parm cards
254 SATWND EUMETSAT IMAGER WATER VAPOR (ALL LEVELS) - CLOUD TOP & DEEP LAYER (METEOSAT) - u, v u, v monitored by assimilation by switch in convinfo text file read by NAM-GSI
255 SATWND NESDIS PICTURE TRIPLET CLOUD DRIFT (LOW LEVELS) (GOES) No longer produced by NESDIS
256 SATWND INDIA IMAGER WATER VAPOR (ALL LEVELS) (INSAT, KALPANA) - u, v Not yet available from India
257 SATWND MODIS/POES IR CLOUD DRIFT (ALL LEVELS) (AQUA, TERRA) - u, v u, v used by assimilation
258 SATWND MODIS/POES IMAGER WATER VAPOR (ALL LEVELS) - CLOUD TOP (AQUA, TERRA) - u, v u,v at and below 600 mb flagged for non-use by assimilation due to missing obs error

u, v above 600 mb used by assimilation

u,v at and below 600 mb monitored by assimilation due to its having a missing obs error

259 SATWND MODIS/POES IMAGER WATER VAPOR (ALL LEVELS) - DEEP LAYER (AQUA, TERRA) - u, v u,v at and below 600 mb flagged for non-use by assimilation due to missing obs error

u, v above 600 mb used by assimilation

u,v at and below 600 mb monitored by assimilation due to its having a missing obs error
260 SATWND VIIRS/POES IR CLOUD DRIFT (ALL LEVELS) (NPP) - u,v Not dumped
270 NACELLE - u,v Not dumped
271 TALL TOWER -u,v Not dumped
280
(R - U.S. & JMA SHIPS)
SFCSHP SURFACE MARINE WITH REPORTED STATION PRESSURE (SHIP, BUOY, C-MAN, TIDE GAUGE) - u, v u, v used by assimilation
281
(R -
WMO Res 40 SYNOPS)
ADPSFC SURFACE LAND (SYNOPTIC, METAR) WITH REPORTED STATION PRESSURE - u, v u, v used by assimilation
282 SFCSHP ATLAS BUOY - u, v (see % below) u, v used by assimilation

Reported station pressure and mean sea-level pressure BOTH missing.  Station pressure is set to 1013 mb.  Elevation is less than or equal to 7.5 meters.
283 SPSSMI SSM/I SUPEROBED (1 DEGREE LAT/LON) FNMOC (OPERATIONAL) WIND SPEED OVER OCEAN - u, v wspd monitored by assimilation by switch in convinfo text file read by NAM-GSI

Only wspd available so direction set to ZERO in PREPBUFR file.

Reported station pressure and mean sea-level pressure BOTH missing.  Station pressure is set to 1013 mb.  Elevation is less than or equal to 7.5 meters.

The SSM/I F-13 satellite went bad in November 2009 resulting in no data being processed.  The empty dumps were turned off and the PREPOBS_PREPDATA parm cards were set to no longer process these data in October 2010.
284
(R -
WMO Res 40 SYNOPS, U.S. & JMA SHIPS)
ADPSFC,
SFCSHP
SURFACE MARINE (SHIP, BUOY, C-MAN, TIDE GAUGE) OR LAND (SYNOPTIC, METAR) WITH MISSING STATION PRESSURE - u, v u, v used by assimilation

Altimeter setting is also missing (always the case for synoptic).  Station pressure calculated from reported mean sea-level pressure and elevation via U.S. Standard Atmosphere approximation.  Elevation is greater than 7.5 meters (if less than 7.5 meters, station pressure set equal to sea-level pressure and report type set to 281).
285 QKSWND SUPEROBED (0.5 DEGREE LAT/LON) SCATTEROMETER WINDS OVER OCEAN (QUIKSCAT) - u, v No longer produced
286 ERS1DA SCATTEROMETER WINDS OVER OCEAN (ERS) - u, v No longer produced
287 ADPSFC SURFACE LAND (METAR) WITH MISSING STATION PRESSURE - u, v u, v used by assimilation

Altimeter setting is reported (never the case for synoptic). Station pressure calculated from reported altimeter setting and elevation.
288
R
MSONET SURFACE MESONET - u, v u, v used by assimilation (based on both static "uselist" and dynamic reject list constructed from RTMA)
289 WDSATR NON-SUPEROBED SCATTEROMETER WINDS OVER OCEAN  (WINDSAT) - u,v u, v used by assimilation
290 ASCATW NON-SUPEROBED SCATTEROMETER WINDS OVER OCEAN  (ASCAT) - u,v u, v used by assimilation
291 OSCATW NON-SUPEROBED SCATTEROMETER WINDS OVER OCEAN  (OSCAT) - u,v When available, the assimilation will obtain this directly from the oscatw dump file rather than from the PREPBUFR file (see Table 18).  This will not be written into the PREPBUFR file.
292 ADPSFC SURFACE LAND SYNOPIC WITH MISSING STATION PRESSURE AND MISSING SEA-LEVEL PRESSURE - u,v u, v used by assimilation

Station pressure estimated from
U.S. Standard Atmosphere approximation Pmsl and reported temperature and elevation. 
293 ADPSFC SURFACE LAND METAR WITH MISSING STATION PRESSURE, MISSING SEA-LEVEL PRESSURE AND MISSING ALTIMETER SETTING - u,v u,v used by assimilation

Station pressure estimated from
U.S. Standard Atmosphere approximation Pmsl and reported temperature and elevation. 
294 SFCSHP SURFACE MARINE (SHIP, BUOY, C-MAN, TIDE GAUGE) OR LAND (SYNOPTIC, METAR) WITH MISSING STATION PRESSURE AND MISSING SEA-LEVEL PRESSURE - u,v u, v used by assimilation

Station pressure estimated from
U.S. Standard Atmosphere approximation Pmsl and reported temperature and elevation. 
295 MSONET SURFACE MESONET WITH MISSING STATION PRESSURE AND MISSING ALTIMETER SETTING (SEA-LEVEL PRESSURE IS ALWAYS MISSING) - u,v u, v used by assimilation

Station pressure estimated from
U.S. Standard Atmosphere approximation Pmsl and reported temperature and elevation. 

    % - ATLAS buoys are defined as follows (each of these must be true):
            - reported station pressure is missing
            - reported mean sea-level pressure is missing
            - valid (non-missing) wind data
            - report is a drifting or moored buoy coming in in WMO FM18 format
            - report is within boundary 10.00 S latitude to 10.00 N latitude, inclusive
            - report is within boundary 120.00 E longitude to 280.00 E longitude, inclusive
            - the first two characters of the report id are either '32', '51' or '52' -- or -- the full report id is either '43001' or '43301'
            - the third character of the report id is either '0' or '3'